- Centrifuge modelling of ground improvement for double porosity clay
- Buchreihe: Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Geotechnik (IGT) an der ETH Zürich Band 246
- Auflage: 1., 2015
- Seiten: 268 Seiten
- Abbildungen: zahlreiche Abbildungen und Tabellen, farbig
- Format in cm: 21,0 x 29,7
- Einbandart: PDF
- ISBN: 978-3-7281-3652-7
- DOI: 10.3218/3652-7
- Sprache: Deutsch
- Lieferstatus: lieferbar
Braunkohlebergbau, Altlasten, Tonboden, Bodenverbesserung
Double porosity soil is characterised by a soil continuum containing two distinct porosities. Typically, this consists of macro-grains (lumps) of soil that have an internal porosity defined as the intragranular porosity. The spaces between lumps are identified as intergranular voids that give rise to the intergranular porosity. Human activities such as land reclamation or mining can give rise to large areas of land with subsoil that exhibits double porosity. The need to build in, or on, these areas is increasing, due to demand for land for industrial usage, infrastructure, and residence. However, the engineering properties of such soils are challenging, and often difficult to predict due to their inhomogeneity and a lack of information about the initial or current parameters.
Double porosity mining waste landfills in Northern Bohemia in the Czech Republic were studied in this project. There, decades of open-cast mining of brown coal have left vast areas of land affected by the waste overburden that has been removed and dumped in old mining pits. Redevelopment of areas affected by mining sometimes requires construction on old overburden waste spoil heaps, which consist primarily of lumps of overconsolidated clay and are therefore characterised by a double porosity soil structure. The loading response on these clayfills entails large absolute and relative deformations, which means that ground improvement is normally needed before construction begins, to ensure that both stability and service limit state requirements are met.
The primary aim of this research was a comparison, through physical modelling, of ground improvement techniques on double porosity clay landfills. A secondary objective was to contribute to the understanding of the material behaviour governing response to loading and other processes on double porosity soil.
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